Bamboos are evergreen tropical plants. Bamboo plants are edible as well as they can be used for ornamental purposes. There are thousands of species of bamboo but they are divided mostly into two categories i.e. clumping bamboo and running bamboo. There are some differences between clumping bamboo and running bamboo. For most of the gardeners, a piece of good advice is to avoid running bamboo and use more clumping bamboo.
Difference Between Clumping Bamboo And Running Bamboo
Rhizomes present in the bamboo plant enables them to spread. Running bamboo spreads rapidly and horizontally because they are monopodial and have long rhizomes. Clumping bamboos, on the other hand, are sympodial. This means that they have shorter rhizomes. Thus the plants stay closer to their origin point and do not spread quickly. They grow outward from a central plant and do not spread like a running bamboo. On the contrary, running bamboo spread very quickly and may pop up from any point of the ground. Due to this feature running bamboo is often called an invasive plant.
Types Of Running And Clumping Bamboo
The various types of clumping bamboos are Fargesia ‘Rufa’, Fargesia ‘Nitida’, and Fargesia robusta ‘Campbell’. Fargesia ‘Rufa’ is often called Green Panda. It is a very popular bamboo plant. Its height remains short up to 8 to 10 feet high and is cold-hardy. On the other hand Fargesia ‘Nitida’ height is comparatively more than Fargesia’Rufa’. Its height can range from 12-15 feet high. It is also a cold-hardy plant. Fargesia robusta ‘Campbell’ which grows up to 12 to 15 feet high is not a hardy plant.
The various types of running bamboo are Phyllostachys nigra which is a black bamboo and grows up to 20 to 35 feet high, the other type of running bamboo is Hibanobambusa tranquillans ‘Shiroshima’, its height may reach up to 16 feet high and the last type of running bamboo is Phyllostachys bambusoides Allgold, its height can reach up to 35 feet. Its culm is yellow in color. Culm is a scientific name for the stalk of the bamboo plant.
If a person wants a beautiful boundary for his property then he may choose from any variety of bamboo. Clumping bamboo too gives a spectacular look to the viewer. Sometimes by mistake people plant a running bamboo instead of clumping bamboo. As a result, their garden is filled with running bamboo all over. The best way to stop the running bamboo from spreading all over the ground is to bury a heavy plastic shield into the ground so that it extends to about 30 inches into the soil and some part above the soil. This bamboo helps to prevent the rhizomes of the bamboo from spreading around. So as an advice, before planting any bamboo plant in your backyard or garden make sure that it is a clumping bamboo and not running bamboo. Or else, be ready to see it pop up in a place where you won’t like it to be.