The Ultimate Guide About Planting Bamboo Palm Bonsai Trees

A vase of flowers on a tree

What Is Bamboo Palm?

Bamboo palm, also known as Aequisia spicata, is a palm family of seven species, native to the tropics and subtropical areas of the Americas. They are miniature palm trees, growing from stems reaching up to a meter in height. The bamboo palm grows underground in wet and slow-growing rainforests, forming dense clonal colonies, and spreading by underground runners.

The name bamboo palm tree came about from the way that it grows: in stacks or piles of three and spreading laterally along a trunk. It resembles a palm tree in appearance, but its shape is much different. It is not a true palm; instead, it has a palm-like trunk, which is hollow, or crenate, and a central trunk covered with small branches.

Grow Bamboo Palm Bonsai Trees
Grow Bamboo Palm Bonsai Trees

Bamboo palm trees grow on hillsides and in valleys, usually in clusters. However, some grow up to a meter high with hundreds of individual branches. Their foliage is dark green in color with white spots around the flowers. The flowers are long, oval-shaped, pinkish-yellow in color, and bloom in the late summer.

How Does The Center Of This Plant Look?

Palms have hollow centers with several long branches, called “runner bases.” These runners are generally not more than four inches long but can grow up to six feet tall. The center of the tree is covered with a thick, dark green “fimbriation” that helps to protect the interior from rainwater, wind, and snow. Fimbriation is made up of millions of tiny, dark, transparent hairs called cambiums. Cambiums give the bonsai plant its strength, resistance to frost and cold, and resistance to insects and fungal attacks.

Ways To Plant Bamboo Palm Bonsai Trees

Bamboo palm bonsai trees can be grown from seeds, or from cuttings, both of which are easier to propagate. Bonsai varieties that can be propagated from seed are known as clone trees and most are easy to establish. As young as seedlings may be, they are difficult to find and hard to properly maintain in a living condition. This makes propagation a labor-intensive process requiring patience and effort. Neophyte or beginners should prefer to grow bonsai trees from seeds.

How Are Seedlings Of Bamboo Palm Placed In The Pots?

Seedlings are placed into pots for two to three weeks before being divided into two groups and planted. If you are planning to propagate your seedlings from seed, there are two methods: either the traditional division method or the “seedling cuttings” method. The traditional division of seedlings is faster and easier.

Seedlings are then re-potted one or two weeks later. Water is important, and the roots must be kept moist to prevent root rot after being placed into water.

Methods To Grow Bamboo Palm
Methods To Grow Bamboo Palm

If you choose to keep your seedlings from the actual planting itself, then some of these methods will make replanting more difficult, especially if you are planning on re-potting them again in six months or less. There are methods, however, available that can allow you to continue growing them until your original tree has completely dried. Some of these techniques are more expensive than growing the original one from seed. You should also have a look at the golden bamboo plants.

Final Words

Many people, when deciding to grow seedlings, opt to use plastic bags with mesh tops. It is better than using loose soil because the bags can contain air pockets where seedlings would otherwise get exposed to direct sunlight and humidity. A bag, as opposed to soil, will also be more resistant to weathering and insect attacks. Above all, the growth and health of your seedlings will be more predictable.

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